Second Sunday after Pentecost Year A
Eleventh Sunday in Ordinary Time - Proper 6
Genesis 18:1-15, (21:1-7) with Psalm 116:1-2,12-19 or
Exodus 19:2-8a with Ps 100
Matthew 9:35-10:8, (9-23)
Worship resources for the Second Sunday after Pentecost Year A are at Worship Ways
by Kathryn Matthews
What is the church to be about? In today's Gospel passage from Matthew, we learn that the church is to be about healing, teaching, and proclaiming the good news. And the church is to be about movement not static, stay-at-home, preserve-our-level-of-comfort-and-let-them-come-to-us spirituality, but a bold "going-out" into the world that God loves so passionately, sharing what God has given us with those who have not yet heard God speaking to them, or felt the touch of God's love upon their lives, or have not known how to name either one.
How do we know this is what the church is to be about? To find an answer, we look (as always) at Jesus and what he was about. Matthew reminds us once again that Jesus didn't sit still but traveled about, curing and teaching and healing, and when he saw the hunger and need and confusion of "the crowds," he felt profound compassion for them. Jesus both moved and was moved.
We are to see the need of the world, its hungers and confusion, and like Jesus, we're called to respond with compassion and tender care. And it also seems that we are called not to sit still but, like Jesus, to be on the move, open to those we meet along the way.
Our reason for being the church
This has powerful implications for how we see our ministry. It's tempting for us in the church to see its "reason for being" in meeting the needs of those (of us) who "pay their way," perhaps like members of a private club. And yet the gospel impels us to interact with the world beyond our walls, right in our own neighborhood, or in places far away, places which our compassion can reach even though we may never physically go there ourselves.
The image of "sheep without a shepherd" calls us to reach out into the world, to see all of God's children as precious and loved and deserving of our attention, energy, resources, and care. We have perhaps too often interpreted it only as referring to a shortage of pastors for the church, an internal problem "we" need to do something about, like recruiting more students for seminary. But the tender image of sheep without a shepherd more properly, and more poignantly, speaks of a world that is looking to the church, to people of faith, with questions and doubts and real, human needs.
Through this story of the way the heart of Jesus responded to the crowds, God is still speaking to the church that is the Body of Christ in this world, today. Jesus, through his compassionate response to the suffering of the crowd, embodies his own instructions to his disciples on how to be the church, "the Body of Christ" in the world. His actions demonstrate his instructions about the work and travel of his disciples, those who follow him and allow God to continue to work through them.
What is the good news that God is still speaking today? It is about more than just proper religious beliefs: right beliefs are just the beginning point, or, perhaps we find our way toward those right beliefs (not just saying what we have been taught, but experiencing its truth) through faithful practices of mercy and compassion, and the lessons we learn along the way. Perhaps right beliefs are really the realizations that arise from our experience of God's love, as we offer that love and receive it as well.
What is evangelism?
What should evangelists do when they encounter human suffering and need during their travels? Thomas Long says that "Any notion that the church ought to quit getting involved in non-spiritual matters and get back to its 'real job' of preaching the gospel and saving souls misses the point. 'Preaching the gospel and saving souls' means grappling with disease and the demonic, with social segregation and the powers of death. It means, therefore, wrestling with issues of public health care, with racial and social alienation, with the powers of domination and oppression that bleed the life out of a community" (Matthew, Westminster Bible Commentary). Do you think Long's definition of preaching the gospel matches what most folks today think of as "evangelism"?
Many people today are uncomfortable just using the word "evangelist," let alone applying it to themselves. How have we come to this? Is there a way to re-claim our role as evangelists, as bearers of Good News? What are different ways that the members of your church are moved to compassionate response, to outreaching and proclaiming, to being about the work of God in the world? St. Francis of Assisi is often quoted as saying, "Preach the gospel, and when necessary, use words." How does his instruction go with the instruction and the example of Jesus?
Unlikely partners in mission
As you look over the list of those early disciples, you may notice the several descriptive details given, about Matthew the tax collector and Simon "the Cananaean," two people who would have been on opposite sides of the Roman controversy, since Matthew was a tool of the empire and Simon would have been a passionate revolutionary opposing it. Yet they both found their lives transformed by their encounter with Jesus.
Who are the people in churches who might be surprised to find themselves sharing a pew, sharing communion, sharing their lives, with one another? God still speaks in ways that surprise us, pulling together and planting together and then sending out together the most unexpected of mission partners.
Needed: a change of heart
Boundaries and preconceptions are obliterated by the dream of a church that truly welcomes all, but transformation--a change of heart, or hearts--often needs to happen to make it possible for that dream to become reality. Such transformation makes it possible for diverse people to come together and discover, and experience, their shared humanity and graced condition in the eyes of a loving God who sees the "sheep without a shepherd" and responds with compassion and tender care. There are surprises inside and outside the walls of the church, every single day.
It's God who works through us and through the life of the church, and it's God who sends the workers who are needed. As you look around--inside and outside the church walls, who are the workers for this harvest, which cannot wait, workers whose ministry needs to be empowered and supported? God is supplying the needs of the church for the harvest in ways that we may not recognize unless we think in fresh, new ways. Who, then, are the unexpected workers, the teachers and apostles ("those sent"), whose "descriptive details" might make them unlikely, but highly effective, bearers of good news in your community? Does your community receive--and send--them that way?
The Rev. Kathryn M. Matthews retired in July after serving as dean of Amistad Chapel at the national offices of the United Church of Christ in Cleveland, Ohio.
For further reflection:
Michael W. Smith, 21st century
"I think if the church did what they were supposed to do we wouldn't have anyone sleeping on the streets."
Clarence Jordan, 20th century
"The proof of Easter is not a rolled-away stone but a carried-away church."
James Forbes, Whose Gospel?, 21st century
"The progressive spirituality I believe in is deeply rooted in the conviction of Dr. King that God's dream of the Beloved Community sets the agenda for the church."
Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Letters and Papers from Prison, 20th century
"We must learn to regard people less in the light of what they do or omit to do, and more in the light of what they suffer."
Mother Teresa, A Gift for God: Prayers and Meditations, 20th century
"I would rather make mistakes in kindness and compassion than work miracles in unkindness and hardness."
Henri J.M. Nouwen, 20th century
"Compassion asks us to go where it hurts, to enter into the places of pain, to share in brokenness, fear, confusion, and anguish. Compassion challenges us to cry out with those in misery, to mourn with those who are lonely, to weep with those in tears. Compassion requires us to be weak with the weak, vulnerable with the vulnerable, and powerless with the powerless."
Kellen Roggenbuck, 21st century
"We need to be the church that serves and loves people now, today, exactly where they are. Until then, we are simply managing decline."
"Evangelism is more about being than being perfect."
"Your message is only as loud as the actions that accompany it. Live your message and it will be heard loud and clear."
Luis Espinal (Jesuit poet who was tortured and killed in Bolivia), 20th century
"A religion that doesn't have the courage to speak out for human beings doesn't have the right to speak out for God."
Charles Haddon Spurgeon, Morning and Evening, Based on the English Standard Version, 19th century
"You may break the clods, you may sow your seeds, but what can you do without the rain? As absolutely needful is the divine blessing."
Anne Lamott, Plan B: Further Thoughts on Faith, 21st century
"I didn't need to understand the hypostatic unity of the Trinity; I just needed to turn my life over to whoever came up with redwood trees."
Anne Lamott, Grace (Eventually): Thoughts on Faith, 21st century
"I liked those ladies! They were helpers, and they danced. These are the words I want on my gravestone: that I was a helper, and that I danced."
Genesis 18: 1-15, (21:1-7)
The Lord appeared to Abraham by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat at the entrance of his tent in the heat of the day. He looked up and saw three men standing near him. When he saw them, he ran from the tent entrance to meet them, and bowed down to the ground. He said, "My lord, if I find favor with you, do not pass by your servant. Let a little water be brought, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree. Let me bring a little bread, that you may refresh yourselves, and after that you may pass on—since you have come to your servant." So they said, "Do as you have said." And Abraham hastened into the tent to Sarah, and said, "Make ready quickly three measures of choice flour, knead it, and make cakes." Abraham ran to the herd, and took a calf, tender and good, and gave it to the servant, who hastened to prepare it. Then he took curds and milk and the calf that he had prepared, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree while they ate.
They said to him, "Where is your wife Sarah?" And he said, "There, in the tent.' Then one said, "I will surely return to you in due season, and your wife Sarah shall have a son." And Sarah was listening at the tent entrance behind him. Now Abraham and Sarah were old, advanced in age; it had ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women. So Sarah laughed to herself, saying, "After I have grown old, and my husband is old, shall I have pleasure?" The Lord said to Abraham, "Why did Sarah laugh, and say, 'Shall I indeed bear a child, now that I am old?' Is anything too wonderful for the Lord? At the set time I will return to you, in due season, and Sarah shall have a son." But Sarah denied, saying, "I did not laugh"; for she was afraid. He said, "Oh yes, you did laugh."
The Lord dealt with Sarah as he had said, and the Lord did for Sarah as he had promised. Sarah conceived and bore Abraham a son in his old age, at the time of which God had spoken to him. Abraham gave the name Isaac to his son whom Sarah bore him. And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac when he was eight days old, as God had commanded him. Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him. Now Sarah said, "God has brought laughter for me; everyone who hears will laugh with me." And she said, "Who would ever have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have borne him a son in his old age."
I love God,
because God has heard my voice
and my supplications.
Because God inclined an ear to me,
therefore I will call on God
as long as I live.
What shall I return to God
for all God's bounty to me?
I will lift up the cup of salvation
and call on the name of God,
I will pay my vows to God
in the presence of all God's people.
Precious in the sight of God
is the death of God's faithful ones.
O God, I am your servant;
I am your servant,
the child of your servant.
You have loosed my bonds.
I will offer to you a thanksgiving sacrifice
and call on the name of God.
I will pay my vows to God
in the presence of all God's people,
in the courts of the house of God,
in your midst, O Jerusalem.
Praise be to God!
They had journeyed from Rephidim, entered the wilderness of Sinai, and camped in the wilderness; Israel camped there in front of the mountain. Then Moses went up to God; the Lord called to him from the mountain, saying, "Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the Israelites: You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles' wings and brought you to myself. Now therefore, if you obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession out of all the peoples. Indeed, the whole earth is mine, but you shall be for me a priestly kingdom and a holy nation. These are the words that you shall speak to the Israelites."
So Moses came, summoned the elders of the people, and set before them all these words that the Lord had commanded him. The people all answered as one: "Everything that the Lord has spoken we will do.'
Make a joyful noise
to God, all the earth.
Worship God with gladness;
come into God's presence with singing.
Know that the Sovereign
It is God that made us,
and we are God's;
we are God's people,
and the sheep of God's pasture.
Enter God's gates with thanksgiving,
and God's courts with praise.
Give thanks to God,
bless God's name.
For God is good;
God's steadfast love endures forever,
and God's faithfulness
to all generations.
Therefore, since we are justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have obtained access to this grace in which we stand; and we boast in our hope of sharing the glory of God. And not only that, but we also boast in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, and endurance produces character, and character produces hope, and hope does not disappoint us, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit that has been given to us.
For while we were still weak, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. Indeed, rarely will anyone die for a righteous person—though perhaps for a good person someone might actually dare to die. But God proves his love for us in that while we still were sinners Christ died for us.
Matthew 9:35-10:8, (9-23)
Then Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, and proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and curing every disease and every sickness. When he saw the crowds, he had compassion for them, because they were harassed and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd. Then he said to his disciples, "The harvest is plentiful, but the labourers are few; therefore ask the Lord of the harvest to send out labourers into his harvest."
Then Jesus summoned his twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to cure every disease and every sickness. These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon, also known as Peter, and his brother Andrew; James son of Zebedee, and his brother John; Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax-collector; James son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; Simon the Cananaean, and Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed him.
These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions: "Go nowhere among the Gentiles, and enter no town of the Samaritans, but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. As you go, proclaim the good news, 'The kingdom of heaven has come near.' Cure the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons. You received without payment; give without payment. Take no gold, or silver, or copper in your belts, no bag for your journey, or two tunics, or sandals, or a staff; for laborers deserve their food. Whatever town or village you enter, find out who in it is worthy, and stay there until you leave. As you enter the house, greet it. If the house is worthy, let your peace come upon it; but if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you. If anyone will not welcome you or listen to your words, shake off the dust from your feet as you leave that house or town. Truly I tell you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgment than for that town.
"See, I am sending you out like sheep into the midst of wolves; so be wise as serpents and innocent as doves. Beware of them, for they will hand you over to councils and flog you in their synagogues; and you will be dragged before governors and kings because of me, as a testimony to them and the Gentiles. When they hand you over, do not worry about how you are to speak or what you are to say; for what you are to say will be given to you at that time; for it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you. Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death; and you will be hated by all because of my name. But the one who endures to the end will be saved. When they persecute you in one town, flee to the next; for truly I tell you, you will not have gone through all the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes."
Notes on the Lectionary and Liturgical Colors
by the Rev. Susan Blain, Curator for Worship and Liturgical Arts (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
Faith Formation Ministry, Local Church Ministries, United Church of Christ
(Essay based on an article by Laurence Hull Stookey: "Putting Liturgical Colors in their Place" in Calendar: Christ's Time for the Church ©1996 Abingdon Press.)
The use of colors to differentiate liturgical seasons is a custom in use among some Western churches for hundreds of years. Although the custom of using colors is an ancient one, there has not always been agreement on what the colors should be. The Council of Trent in 1570, a Roman Catholic response to the Reformation, codified the colors for the Roman Catholic Church. When we talk about "traditional" colors today, we usually are referring to that codification. There were four basic colors in that codification: purple (penitence), red (Spirit or Martyrs memorials), green (long season after Pentecost) and white (festivals). Other colors, or no color at all, were acceptable variants in some regions.
The Reformation of course was a watershed for Christian ritual practice. Anglican and Lutheran churches often used some form of liturgical colors; however, the Reformed tradition of churches, where the UCC falls, for the most part did away with the custom of using colors, opting for much more simplicity. During the ecumenical liturgical movement of the mid-20th Century, Protestant churches began to look back at some of the ritual and colorful practices of the past with an eye toward reclaiming them to help give expression to feeling, tone, and imagery underlying the lectionary stories.
Before the Reformation's iconoclasm, and Trent's code, practices varied from place to place, often depending on what was available. Indeed, in some places the custom was to organize vestments into practical categories of "best," "second best," and "everyday"--not depending on the color at all. For Christmas and Easter the "best" vestments were used, no matter the color! Other, less prominent feasts or Sundays got "second best" or "everyday."
So, here is a challenge to worship planners: Take it upon yourselves to develop and expand the "received" tradition!