"Parent Trigger" Movie Won't Back Down
Won't Back Down, a movie promoting privatized school reform method opened in theaters in September 2012. It is a fictional account—not a true story, of the operation of a school reform strategy called the parent trigger. Won't Back Down was produced by Philip Anschutz's company, Walden Media, the same group that produced Waiting for Superman. Won't Back Down's subject is the "parent trigger,"a strategy being promoted by the pro-privatization organization, the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) and an organization called Parent Revolution, which was launched by charter school operator Steve Barr with funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the Broad Foundation, the Walton Family Foundation, the Wasserman Foundation, Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisers and others. Parent Revolution is an example of what is known as an "astroturf" organization; it pretends to be a grassroots group of parents, but it has, in reality, no significant grassroots.
In California in 2010, the legislature passed "parent trigger" enabling legislation for parents to be able to seize a school by petition, replace staff, and turn operations over to a charter management organization. No real life example of a "parent trigger school" exists at this time. Parents tried a parent trigger petition at one school in Compton, California, but the charter school that was to have taken over the school instead founded a school at a nearby location. At another site, the parents' seizure of the school has been held up in a court action.
- Center for Media and Democracy publishes analysis. "Won't Back Down" Film Pushes ALEC Parent Trigger Proposal. This is a comprehensive analysis of tho groups and individuals who originated and produced this film and those who are promoting it. Please read this.
- From the National Opportunity to Learn Campaign: Friends Don't Let Friends Get Fooled by Won't Back Down: 5 Reasons Why.
- The National Education Policy Center at the University of Colorado at Boulder provides this policy brief: Missing the Target? The Parent Trigger as a Strategy for Parental Engagement and School Reform.
- Here is a fact sheet from Parents Across America.
- Here is a review by Columbia University Teachers College sociologist Aaron Pallas: Why Won't Back Down Won't Last Long.
- Here is the story of real parents, parents who are organized activists in New York City, protesting at the red carpet opening of the fictional movie, Won't Back Down. And here is a link to the video created by New York parents of their protest during the red carpet opening of the film.
- Save Our Schools and Parents Across America respond: Won't Back Down: The People Respond.
- NPR review says "Won't Back Down"Takes a Too-Easy Way Out.
- Randi Weingarten, President of the American Federation of Teachers, proclaims that the anti-union stereotypes in Won't Back Down are worse than those in Waiting for Superman.
- Here is the NY Times review of Won't Back Down.
- Background Analysis of Won't Back Down and Its Producer, is a collection of resources created by a group of real parents organized to work for better schools in several of America's big cities.
September 27, 2012: In a related item, here in this video, The United States of ALEC, Bill Moyers explores the reach of the American Legislative Exchange Council across the statehouses. It is a scathing video report.
2013: UCC Publication Decries Privatization
Our own UCC JWM in-depth resource for the beginning of the 2012-2013 school year explores the public value of public education and the danger of privatization.
Thinking About the Film, Waiting for Superman
The new film, Waiting for Superman, has been hyped due to its creation by Davis Guggenheim, who also made the climate change film, An Inconvenient Truth. Waiting for Superman also won an Audience Award at Sundance.
Most reviewers agree that the film is moving, even heart-wrenching, as it explores the lives of children who have been "left behind" in public schools that continue to reflect large inequities. Guggenheim admits he sent his own children to private schools, but in the film he portrays four youths who participate in lotteries for places in small charter schools so that they can avoid large high schools portrayed as "dropout factories."
This is a story of individual heroes against an evil system, which is not to criticize the work of dedicated people, including Geoffrey Canada, founder of the Harlem Children’s Zone. It is just that heroes are portrayed as the solution and "entrenched" school bureaucracies and teacher’s unions as the enemy. The primary problem with this "good vs. evil" narrative is that the solution for better education for the mass of our nation’s 50 million children can’t possibly be through the work of individuals or individual schools, but must instead be achieved by improving the system of public schools the mass of children are likely to attend.
If you plan to see the film or to discuss it with a group in your congregation, we suggest you also explore the following resources for an alternative framing of the challenges for public education.
Resources from the church...
- October 11, 2010 Witness for Justice column by Jan Resseger, Minister for Public Education and Witness, Not Waiting for Superman.
- 2011 UCC Justice & Witness Ministries Message on Public Education, "New Federal Public Education Policies Undermine Justice, Eliminate Democracy, and Shatter Community"
- "An Alternative Vision for Public Education," A Pastoral Letter on Federal Policy in Public Education: An Ecumenical Call for Justice, adopted unanimously by the National Council of Churches Governing Board on May 18, 2010
These resources present a very different way of assessing the problem and therefore a very different way to move forward. As a people called to love our neighbors as ourselves, we in the church have looked for school reform that balances the needs of each particular child and family with the need to create a system that secures the rights and addresses the needs of all children. All the evidence suggests we must heap attention and resource opportunities on the public schools that society has left behind, rather than imagining we can find a quick "superman" solution by turning over the future of our poorest children to charter schools. After all, charter schools serve only about 4 percent of the children in school in the United States. Here are four policy directions the UCC Justice and Witness Ministries has continued to support as basic to school improvement:
- Federal policy must address public school inequality.
- Federal policy must reduce reliance on standardized tests as a primary “school improvement” strategy.
- Federal policy must support and improve, not punish, public schools in America’s poorest communities.
- Federal policy must improve public education as the bedrock of our democracy and public schools as the anchors of communities.
Reviews and articles...
- In “The Myth of Charter Schools,” NY Review of Books, Diane Ravitch refutes the myths, misinformation, and propaganda of “Waiting for Superman.”
- Here are talking points,"Why We Can't Wait for Superman," from our partners at the National Opportunity to Learn Campaign.
- Journalist, LynNell Hancock reviews the film for the Columbia Journalism Review: Waiting for Substance.
- Well known educator, Deborah Meier, explores what it means when a film maker declares that he made a film out of his own guilt for chosing a private school for his own child, but then creates a movie that blames the public schools for not having all the advantages he opted for.
- Here is a review by educational sociologist, Aaron Pallas... An Inconvenient Truthiness.
- Read this careful, point-by-point reflection on the film by Rick Ayers, adjunct professor in teacher education at the University of San Francisco: "What 'Superman" Got Wrong, Point by Point."
- Rethinking Schools, the education magazine, has launched NOT Waiting for Superman, a web page of articles related to the film.
- Here is a balanced and thoughtful review by Scott Stephens for Ohio Catalyst: "After Class--Commentary.
- "Grading 'Waiting for Superman," (The Nation) is a thoughtful, in-depth piece responding to the film and media coverage of public education in recent months.
- Comment from the Education Law Center, "Superman Is from Another Planet."
- Here are "The Real Facts about Waiting for Superman" according to the National Center for Fair and Open Testing, FairTest.
- In "It's Not the Teachers' Unions," Richard D. Kahlenberg, of the Century Foundation, counters the film's blame of teachers unions.
- Education historian, Diane Ravitch, responds to the film in "Stop Trashing Teachers."
- Posted on the Answer Sheet blog in the Washington Post is this clever reflection: "Why 'Superman' film should be 'Waiting for Batman'".
- Here is a reflection by NY Times columnist, Gail Collins, "Waiting for Somebody."
- Check out this thoughtful reflection by Nicholas Lemann in the September 27 issue of the New Yorker magazine.
- In this thoughtful piece, President of the American Federation of Teachers, Randi Weingarten answers her critics.
- Mark Phillips, professor emeritus of secondary education at San Francisco State University, attempts to create what he considers a balanced view of the movie: "Strengths and Weaknesses of 'Superman'."